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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/119/06/0753-0762

    • Keywords

       

      Snow chemistry; aerosol; marine phytoplankton; sea salt.

    • Abstract

       

      Surface snow and lake water samples were collected at different locations around Indian station at Antarctica, Maitri, during December 2004-March 2005 and December 2006-March 2007.Samples were analyzed for major chemical ions. It is found that average pH value of snow is 6.1. Average pH value of lake water with low chemical content is 6.2 and of lake water with high chemical content is 6.5.The Na+ and Cl are the most abundantly occurring ions at Antarctica. Considerable amount of SO$^{2-}_{4}$ is also found in the surface snow and the lake water which is attributed to the oxidation of DMS produced by marine phytoplankton.Neutralization of acidic components of snow is mainly done by NH$^{+}_{4}$ and Mg2+. The Mg2+, Ca2+ and K+ are nearly equally effective in neutralizing the acidic components in lake water.The NH$^{+}_{4}$ and SO$^{2-}_{4}$ occur over the Antarctica region mostly in the form of (NH4)2SO4.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Kaushar Ali1 Sunil Sonbawane1 D M Chate1 Devendraa Siingh1 P S P Rao1 P D Safai1 K B Budhavant1

      1. Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Dr. Homi Bhabha Road, Pashan, Pune 411 008, India.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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