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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/119/05/0745-0751

    • Keywords

       

      Soil-gas helium; surface-waves; faults and fractures; groundwater; granite basement.

    • Abstract

       

      Fracture and fault networks are conduits that facilitate groundwater movement in hard-rock terrains.Soil-gas helium emanometry has been utilized in Wailapally watershed,near Hyderabad in southern India,for the detection of fracture and fault zones in a granite basement terrain having a thin regolith.Based on satellite imagery and geologic mapping,three sites were selected for detailed investigation.High spatial resolution soil-gas samples were collected at every one meter at a depth of <1.5m along 100 m long profiles (3 in number).In addition,deep shear-wave images were also obtained using the multichannel analysis of surface waves.The study clearly indicates several soil-gas helium anomalies (above 200 ppb)along the pro files,where the shear-wave velocity images also show many near-surface vertical low velocity zones.We thus interpret that the soil-gas helium anomalous zones and the vertical low-velocity zones are probable traces of fault/fracture zones that could be efficient natural recharge zones and potential groundwater conduits.The result obtained from this study demonstrates the efficacy of an integrated approach of soil-gas helium and the seismic methods for mapping groundwater resource zones in granite/gneiss provinces.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      G K Reddy1 T Seshunarayana1 Rajeev Menon1 P Senthil Kumar1

      1. National Geophysical Research Institute, Hyderabad 500 606, India.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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