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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/119/05/0711-0716

    • Keywords

       

      Fossil resin; Miocene; western India; sesquiterpenoids; geochemistry; geology; biogeosciences.

    • Abstract

       

      The terpenoid composition of resins from the Miocene lignite horizons from the Kerala –Konkan Coast,western India was analyzed by Curie-point pyrolysis –gas chromatography –mass spectrometry (Cupy –GC –MS).The major pyrolysates were cadalene-based bicyclic sesquiterpenoids including some C30-C31 bicadinenes and bicadinanes typical of dammar resin from angiosperm plants of Dipterocarpaceae family.These plants are typically supported by tropical climates which the western Indian region was known to have experienced during early Tertiary period.The present study suggests that these palaeoclimatic conditions persisted until at least the Miocene epoch.These sesquiterpenoids which are commonly detected in many SE Asian crude oils may be utilised as useful biomarkers for petroleum exploration in the western Indian region.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Suryendu Dutta1 Monalisa Mallick1 Runcie Paul Mathews1 Ulrich Mann2 Paul F Greenwood3 Rakesh Saxena4

      1. Department of Earth Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay, Mumbai 400 076, India.
      2. Forschungzentrum Jülich, Institut für Chemie und Dynamik der Geosph¨are, D-52425 Jülich, Germany.
      3. John De Laeter Mass Spectrometry and WA Biogeochemistry Centre, The University of Western Australia, 35 Stirling Highway, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia.
      4. Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany, 53 University Road, Lucknow 226 007, India.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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