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      Permanent link:
      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/118/05/0597-0608

    • Keywords

       

      Mine overburden; environment degradation; ecology; eco-restoration; primary, secondary ecological succession.

    • Abstract

       

      Eco-restoration of mine overburden (OB)or abandoned mine sites is a major environmental concern.In the present investigation,an integrated approach was used to rejuvenate a high-sulphur mine OB dumping site in the Tirap Collieries,Assam,India,which is situated in the Indo-Burma mega-biodiversity hotspot.A mine OB is devoid of true soil character with poor macro and micronutrient content and contains elevated concentrations of trace and heavy metals.Planting of herbs, shrubs,cover crops and tree species at close proximity leads to primary and secondary sere state succession within a period of 3 to 5 years.A variety of plant species were screened for potential use in restoration:herbs,including Sccharum spontaneum, Cymbopogon winterianus Jowitt (citronella), and Cymbopogon flexuosus (lemon grass)cover plants,including Mimosa strigillosa M. striata and M. pigra; shrubs,including Sesbania rostrata (dhaincha)and Cassia streata (cassia);and tree species,including Gmelina arborea (gomari)and Dalbergia sissoo (sissoo).Amendment with unmined soil and bio-organic matter was required for primary establishment of some plant species. Management of these plant species at the site will ensure long term sustainable eco-restoration of the coal mine-degraded land.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      J Dowarah1 H P Deka Boruah1 J Gogoi1 N Pathak1 N Saikia1 A K Handique2

      1. Biotechnology Division, North-East Institute of Science & Technology, CSIR, Jorhat 785 006, Assam, India.
      2. Biotechnology Department, Gauhati University, Guwahati 781 014, Assam, India.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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