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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/118/05/0483-0496

    • Keywords

       

      Sea surface temperature; diurnal range; Indian Ocean; drifting buoys; moored buoys; data analysis; oceanography; monsoons.

    • Abstract

       

      This paper describes the variability in the diurnal range of SST in the north Indian Ocean using in situ measurements and tests the suitability of simple regression models in estimating the diurnal range.SST measurements obtained from 1556 drifting and 25 moored buoys were used to determine the diurnal range of SSTs.The magnitude of diurnal range of SST was highest in spring and lowest in summer monsoon.Except in spring,nearly 75 –80%of the observations reported diurnal range below 0.5°C.The distributions of the magnitudes of diurnal warming across the three basins of north Indian Ocean (Arabian Sea,Bay of Bengal and Equatorial Indian Ocean)were similar except for the differences between the Arabian Sea and the other two basins during November-February (winter monsoon)and May.The magnitude of diurnal warming that depended on the location of temperature sensor below the water level varied with seasons.In spring,the magnitude of diurnal warming diminished drastically with the increase in the depth of temperature sensor.The diurnal range estimated using the drifting buoy data was higher than the diurnal range estimated using moored buoys fitted with temperature sensors at greater depths.

      A simple regression model based on the peak solar radiation and average wind speed was good enough to estimate the diurnal range of SST at ∼1.0 m in the north Indian Ocean during most of the seasons except under low wind-high solar radiation conditions that occur mostly during spring. The additional information on the rate of precipitation is found to be redundant for the estimation of the magnitude of diurnal warming at those depths.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      S S C Shenoi1 2 N Nasnodkar1 G Rajesh3 K Jossia Joseph3 I Suresh1 A M Almeida1

      1. National Institute of Oceanography (Council of Scientific and Industrial Research), Dona Paula, Goa 403 004, India.
      2. Present address: Indian National Centre for Ocean Information Services (Ministry of Earth Sciences), Hyderabad, India.
      3. National Institute of Ocean Technology (Ministry of Earth Sciences), Pallikarani, Chennai 600 100, India.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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