• Fulltext


        Click here to view fulltext PDF

      Permanent link:

    • Keywords


      Lightning; thunderstorm; seasonal variation.

    • Abstract


      Monthly variations of lightning activity over typical land and oceanic regions of India were examined using satellite data (OTD)for a 5-year period (1995-1999).It is noted that the nature of variation between surface air maximum temperature (𝑇_max) ,thunderstorm days (Th_n) ,and lightning flash count over ER and WR showed remarkable correspondence and sensitivity with each other on monthly time scale.As we move out of winter season and enter the monsoon season,via pre-monsoon season,the WR undergoes cooling relative to the ER in the range 0.1-1.2°C. As a result,WR experiences reduction of thunder days and lowering in flash count. This decrease in 𝑇_max Th_{n} and flash count over WR may also be associated with relatively small values of 𝑇𝜃 w and CAPE in comparison with similar values over ER during the monsoon sea-son.Our observation of associated reduction in Th_n and lightning count per 1°C cooling in surface air maximum temperature suggests reduction of ∼3.5 thunderstorms per station and 73 flashes. Comparison of lightning flashes between pairs of coastal,oceanic,arid-zone,hilly,and island stations reveals distinct relationship between climate regime and intensity of lightning activity. We may conclude the results of this study by saying that the overhead lightning activity is a clear reflection of the status of the underlying ground-earth properties. A close and continuous monitoring of lightning activity may be considered as a need of present day scientific studies.

    • Author Affiliations


      Asha Nath1 G K Manohar2 K K Dani1 P C S Devara1

      1. Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune 411 008, India.
      2. Formerly, Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, Pune 411 008, India.
    • Dates

  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

    • Editorial Note on Continuous Article Publication

      Posted on July 25, 2019

      Click here for Editorial Note on CAP Mode

© 2022-2023 Indian Academy of Sciences, Bengaluru.