• Site response zones and short-period earthquake ground motion projections for the Las Vegas Basin

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/117/S2/0757-0772

    • Keywords

       

      Site response analysis; Las Vegas; Monte-Carlo simulation; earthquake zonation; natural hazards; seismology.

    • Abstract

       

      A deterministic seismic hazard analysis was conducted to address the effect of local soil conditions on earthquake-induced strong ground motion in the Las Vegas Basin, Nevada (US). Using a large geological and geotechnical database, two response units were defined: a fine-grained unit, predominantly clay; and a coarse-grained unit, predominantly gravel. A moderate number of high-quality shallow shear wave velocity measurements were collected from which characteristic shear wave velocity profiles were developed for each response unit. An equivalent-linear one-dimensional site response model was used. The model was calibrated using a basin-wide, small-strain ground motion database. Calibration tests showed that ground motion projections become increasingly conservative with increasing ground-motion amplitude. Projections were overconservative for the coarsegrained response unit, likely due to the sparseness of the velocity database. For the earthquake response analyses, historical ground motions were used to model characteristic ‘bedrock’ motion for earthquakes on 10 faults judged to be critical. Response spectral envelopes were generated for each unit through Monte-Carlo simulations. For the fine-grained response unit, 95th percentile peak ground acceleration, peak spectral acceleration and predominant period were 310 cm/s2, 1100cm/s2, and 0.29 s, respectively. With respect to codified design spectra, projections are lower at short periods and higher at long periods. Projections of peak spectral accelerations for the coarsegrained response unit, were more than double that of codified spectra; however, they are believed to be overconservative. Near-fault effects and basin-edge effects, though potentially important, were not considered in these analyses.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Barbara Luke1 Ying Liu2

      1. University of Nevada Las Vegas, Las Vegas, Nevada 89154-4015, USA.
      2. Group Delta Consultants, 370 Amapola Avenue, Ste. 212, Torrance, California 90501, USA.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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