• Simultaneous transport of water and solutes under transient unsaturated flow conditions – A case study

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    • Keywords

       

      Hydraulic conductivity; infiltration; leaching; Malaprabha; modeling; permeability; salinity; solute transport; SWIM model; water flow.

    • Abstract

       

      The imbalance between incoming and outgoing salt causes salinization of soils and sub-soils that result in increasing the salinity of stream-flows and agriculture land.This salinization is a serious environmental hazard particularly in semi-arid and arid lands.In order to estimate the magnitude of the hazard posed by salinity,it is important to understand and identify the processes that control salt movement from the soil surface through the root zone to the ground water and stream flows.In the present study,Malaprabha sub-basin (up to dam site)has been selected which has two distinct climatic zones,sub-humid (upstream of Khanapur)and semi-arid region (downstream of Khanapur).In the upstream,both surface and ground waters are used for irrigation,whereas in the downstream mostly groundwater is used.Both soils and ground waters are more saline in down- stream parts of the study area.In this study we characterized the soil salinity and groundwater quality in both areas.An attempt is also made to model the distribution of potassium concentration in the soil profile in response to varying irrigation conditions using the SWIM (Soil –Water In filtration and Movement)model.Fair agreement was obtained between predicted and measured results indicating the applicability of the model.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      B K Purandara1 N Varadarajan1 B Venkatesh1

      1. National Institute of Hydrology, Hard Rock Regional Center, Belgaum 590 001, Karnataka, India.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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