• Finite element modelling of elastic intraplate stresses due to heterogeneities in crustal density and mechanical properties for the Jabalpur earthquake region, central India

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/117/02/0103-0111

    • Keywords

       

      Elastic stresses; continental crust; intraplate seismicity; rheology; geodynamics; modelling; seismology.

    • Abstract

       

      Deep lower crustal intraplate earthquakes are infrequent and the mechanism of their occurrence is not well understood. The Narmada–Son-lineament region in central India has experienced two such events, the 1938 Satpura earthquake and the 1997 Jabalpur earthquake, having a focal depth of more than 35 km. We have estimated elastic stresses due to the crustal density and mechanical properties heterogeneities along the Hirapur–Mandla profile passing through the Jabalpur earthquake region to analyse conditions suitable for the concentration of shear stresses in the hypocentral region of this earthquake. Elastic stresses have been computed by a finite element method for a range of material parameters. The results indicate that the shear stresses generated by the density heterogeneities alone are not able to locally enhance the stress concentration in the hypocentral region. The role of mechanical properties of various crustal layers is important in achieving this localization of stresses. Among a range of material parameters analysed, the model with a mechanically strong lower crust overlying a relatively weak sub-Moho layer is able to enhance the stress concentration in the hypocentral region, implying a weaker mantle in comparison to the lower crust for this region of central India.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      A Manglik1 S Thiagarajan1 A V Mikhailova2 Yu Rebetsky2

      1. National Geophysical Research Institute, Uppal Road, Hyderabad 500 007, India.
      2. Schmidt Institute of Physics of Earth, 10 B. Gruzinskaya Street 123995 Moscow, Russia.
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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