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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/112/03/0413-0419

    • Keywords

       

      Bhuj; mainshock; aftershocks; fault-plane solution; reverse faulting

    • Abstract

       

      A 12-station temporary microearthquake network was established by the Geological Survey of India for aftershock monitoring of the January 26th, 2001 Bhuj earthquake (Mw 7.6) in the Kutch district of Gujarat state, western India. The epicentres of the aftershocks show two major trends: one in the NE direction and the other in the NW direction. Fault-plane solutions of the best-located and selected cluster of events that occurred along the NE trend, at a depth of 15–38 km, show reverse faulting with a large left-lateral strike-slip motion, which are comparable with the main-shock solution. The NW trending upper crustal aftershocks at depth <10 km, on the other hand, show reverse faulting with right-lateral strike-slip motion, and the mid crustal and lower crustal aftershocks, at a depth of 15–38 km, show pure reverse faulting as well as reverse faulting with right-lateral and left-lateral strike-slip motions; these solutions are not comparable with the main-shock solution. It is inferred that the intersection of two faults has been the source area for stress concentration to generate the main shock and the aftershocks.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Reena De1 S G Gaonkar2 B V Srirama2 Sagina Ram3 J R Kayal4

      1. Geological Survey of India, Eastern Region, Salt Lake, Calcutta - 700 091, India
      2. Geological Survey of India, Central Region, Nagpur - 440 006, India
      3. Geological Survey of India, Northern Region, Lucknow - 226 024, India
      4. Geological Survey of India, 27, J. L. Nehru Road, Calcutta - 700 016, India
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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