Tungsten mineralization in Chhendapathar area is hosted by quartz veins that traverse mostly the metasediments in and around Jikhu Nala. Fluid inclusion microthermometric experiments reveal the presence of four distinct types of inclusions. These are: aqueous biphase, monophase carbonic, aqueouscarbonic and halite-bearing polyphase inclusions. Salinity-temperature variation points towards the presence of two fluids of contrasting salinities and both independently followed simple cooling paths without any indication of fluid mixing. The P-T of mineralization was calculated from the intersection of coexisting and coeval aqueous biphase, carbonic and halite-bearing inclusions. The deduced values range from 1.63kb/361°C to 2.30kb/385°C. However, the initial temperature must have been much higher as indicated from the high dissolution temperature (> 450°C) of halite. Transportation of tungsten in the high saline fluid was facilitated by cation-tungstate ion pairing, i.e., with the help of Na2WO4 and/or NaHWO4 complexes. A rapid fall in solubility in such fluid with falling temperature (in the range of 300–400°C), and by occasional fluid-rock interaction triggered precipitation of wolframite.
Volume 131, 2022
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