• Seamounts in the Central Indian Ocean Basin: indicators of the Indian plate movement

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jess/099/03/0357-0365

    • Keywords

       

      Seamount; morphology and distribution; Indian Ocean tectonics; Indian plate movement; Hotspot origin

    • Abstract

       

      The study of seamount parameters in the tectonically most-complicated and least-understood Indian Ocean assumes importance since their properties vary as a function of tectonic setting, physics of lithosphere, conduit geometry and chemical composition of magma. More than 100 such seamounts ranging in summit height (h) from 300 to 2870 m, are indentified in the oceanic crust between Indian continent and Mid-Indian Ridge (MIR) and South-East Indian Ridge (SEIR). Most of the minor seamounts (h > 1000) are found in the southern part of the study area. Major seamounts (h < 1000 m) are roughly distributed in two groups—the northern group on Cretaceous Oceanic Crust and southern group on Pliocene-Miocene Oceanic Crust. On an average northern group seamounts (SM 1 to 6) are taller, wider and flatter than those from the southern group. These seamounts appear to be the result of continuous growth from tapped, moving magma chamber while stress depleted magma and inconsistent Indian Plate movement during Mid-Tertiary are attributed to the origin of southern group of smaller seamounts. Distribution and morphology of seamounts as a whole indicate their formation either from Reunion hotspot or from two separate hotspots in the geological past.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Ranadhir Mukhopadhyay1 N H Khadge1

      1. National Institute of Oceanography, Dona Paula, Goa - 403004, India
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Earth System Science | News

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