Two molybdenite-bearing granites from the Kerala region, namely, the Chengannoor and the Ambalavayal granites are discussed here in terms of their salient geochemical characters. The geochemistry of the host rocks indicates a peraluminous, calc-alkaline to alkali-calcic nature and the element levels show good fit with the proposed ‘finger-prints’ for granite-molybdenite systems. Fluid inclusion studies suggest that Mo was probably partitioned in vapour phase, which subsequently combined with available sulphur. Regional distribution of molybdenite strongly favours the view of a molybdenum province in the southern part of the Indian shield. Associations of rare metal mineralization with the riftcontrolled acid magmatic phase in the Kerala region are suggestive of a late Precambrian —Early Palaeozoic taphrogenic metallogeny.