AlCl3 acts as a chlorinating agent for ynamides in the presence of stoichiometric amount of water in the environmentally benign solvent dimethylcarbonate, affording efficient access to (E)-a-chloroenamides via hydrochlorination, with water as a protic source. The role of water in the reaction was proven by deuterium labelling experiment. Epoxy-ynamides undergo iodochlorination in addition to the cleavage of the epoxy ring to afford (E/Z)-a-chloro-b-iodo-enamides. Regio- and stereochemical assignments for the products are based on X-ray crystallographic studies.
Chloroenamides are formed regio- and stereo-specifically via hydrochlorination of ynamides with AlCl3+H2O (1:1) in a dimethyl carbonate; aryl substituted epoxy ynamides afford (iodo)(chloro) enamides upon treatment with ICl.
Volume 134, 2022
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