• DFT studies on the structure and stability of tetraaza macrocyclic nickel(II) complexes containing dicarbinolamine ligand moiety

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jcsc/131/11/0110

    • Keywords

       

      Ni(II) macrocyclic dicarbinolamine complex; Ni-ligand covalent bond strength; M052X/6-311++ G**; dispersion energy; natural electronic population; macrocyclic cavity size.

    • Abstract

       

      Density functional theory calculations at M052X/6-311++ G** level were performed to under-stand the structure and stability of Ni(II) tetraaza macrocyclicdicarbinolamine complex 1. The preferentialstability of 1 over the hitherto unknown Ni(II) complex having fully conjugated macrocyclic ligand 2,is examined by analyzing geometric and electronic structures and energy considerations. The present calcula-tions predict that in the trans (C2) structure, 1 is 102 kcal/mol more stable than its components 2 and 2(OH) at M062X-D3/def2-QZVP//M052X/6-311++ G** level. This significant stabilization explains the formation of 1 as experimentally observed. The calculations support a distorted square planar environment for Ni in 1,inagreement with the observed spectral and magnetic properties. In order to understand the stability of 1 ,weexamined the second-order stabilizing interactions in natural bond orbital (NBO) basis, the role of the noncovalent dispersion energy, macrocyclic cavity size, Ni-ligand covalent bond strength, natural electronic population on the atomic centers and the nature of the frontier molecular orbitals in the complexes. The present study reveals that the higher stability of 1 over 2 is primarily due to the stronger covalent bonds between the Ni(II) centre, and two of the coordinating nitrogen atoms in 1 than in 2 and significant second-order stabilizing interactions originating from the NBOs involving the oxygen atoms

    • Author Affiliations

       

      E J PADMA MALAR1 REBECCA JACOB2 S BALASUBRAMANIAN3

      1. National Centre for Ultrafast Processes, University of Madras, Taramani Campus, Chennai, Tamilnadu 600025, India
      2. School of Chemistry, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW 2006, Australia
      3. Department of Inorganic Chemistry, University of Madras, Guindy Campus, Chennai, Tamilnadu 600 025, India
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