• Homogeneous oxidation of alcohol and alkene with copper (II) complex in water

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    • Keywords


      Copper (II) complex; oxidation; alcohol; alkene

    • Abstract


      A new water-soluble copper(II) complex bearing 4-bromobenzoate/2,2'-dipyridylamine ligands was successfully synthesized and characterized by using single crystal X-ray diffraction and spectroscopic techniques. The catalytic activity of the compound was investigated as a homogeneous catalyst in the oxidationof several alcohols (benzyl alcohol, cinnamyl alcohol, 1-phenylethanol, cyclohexanol, 1-heptanol) and alkenes (styrene, ethylbenzene, cyclohexene) in aqueous medium. The copper(II) catalyst was found to be active for the studied alcohols and alkenes. H2O2 was used as an active oxidant for alcohol oxidation, while t-BuOOH (TBHP)was used for alkenes. The compound exhibited high selectivity toward benzaldehyde (88%) in cinnamyl alcohol oxidation under mild conditions (70 °C) after 4 h. Particularly, remarkable results were obtained forthe oxidation of styrene and cyclohexene; transformation via allylic oxidation to 2-cyclohexene-1-one as one product in 2 h (TOF = 50 h−1) and benzaldehyde in 1 h (100% conversion, TOF = 86 h−1, 100% selectivity). The Cu(II)/TBHP (or H2O2)/H2O system proved to be an alternative for catalytic oxidations in the green chemistry concept.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Anadolu University, 26210 Eskisehir, Turkey
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