• Density functional theory study of structure, electronic and magnetic properties of non-metal (Group 13) doped stable Rhn(n = 2−8) clusters and their catalytic activities towards methanol activation

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    • Keywords


      Rhodium; boron; aluminium; gallium; methanol activation

    • Abstract


      Rhodium clusters are very important finite size materials because of their unique electronic, magneticand catalytic properties. Tuning the physical and chemical properties of rhodium clusters by incorporatingdifferent metal and non-metal atoms have found a great research interest in recent years. In this study, nonmetalatoms of group 13, viz., B, Al or Ga were incorporated into the stable rhodium clusters to evaluate thestructure, stability, electronic, magnetic as well as catalytic properties using density functional theory (DFT).Stability function, dissociation energy and LUMO-HOMO gap analysis reveal the higher stability of Rh5B,Rh4Al and Rh4Ga clusters. Boron-doped on even-atomic rhodium clusters are more stable than odd-atomicrhodium clusters whereas both odd and even-atomic clusters were found to be stable for Al and Ga-dopedrhodium clusters. Deformed electron density was found to be higher in the case of Rh5B, Rh4Al, Rh7Al and Rh4Ga clusters along all the bonds as well as at the atoms, which indicates higher stability of these non-metaldoped rhodium clusters. LUMO and HOMO orbital analysis suggests that electronic redistribution occurs from HOMO (Rh) to LUMO (non-metal). DOS and COOP studies reveal the higher contribution of d electrons in the bonding region rather than s and p electrons. Spin density and magnetic moment analysis indicate zero magnetic moment for even-atomic B, Al or Ga-doped rhodium clusters due to the cancellation of spin up and spin down densities, whereas for the odd ones the magnetic moment is non-zero. Greater catalytic activity for the activation of methanol is noticed with Rh4Al and Rh4Ga in comparison to Rh5, while the activity with Rh5B is lower.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. Department of Chemistry, Assam University, Silchar, Assam 788 011, India
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