• Fluorescent vinyl and styryl coumarins: A comprehensive DFT study of structural, electronic and NLO properties

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    • Keywords


      BLA/BOA; coumarin vinyls and styryls; DFT; GHs and RSHs; nonlinear optical properties

    • Abstract


      Nonlinear optical properties of 3-styryl and 3-vinyl coumarin dyes have been investigated with Density Functional Theory (DFT) using global hybrid (GH) and range-separated hybrid (RSH) functionals. The performance of GHs - B3LYP, BHHLYP, PBE0, M06, M06L, M062X, and M06HF and RSHs - CAM-B3LYP,HISSbPBE, HSEH1PBE, wB97, wB97X, and wB97XD in combination with 6-311++G(d,p) basis set has been analyzed. Estimated (hyper) polarizability (α0, β0) obtained from the GHs - M06, M062X and PBE0 are in agreement with each other. The RSHs - wB97 and wB97X estimate very close values of β0. The β0 value of 3-styryl and 3-vinyl coumarins reaches the maximum as the bond length alternation and bond order alternation parameters tend to zero. Natural bond orbital analysis shows there is extensive charge transfer in the excitedstate leading to large value of β0. The vibrational contribution to α0 and β0 is significantly less when the donor is methoxy group and acceptor is nitro group in the 3-styryl coumarin. The dye, (E)-7-(diethylamino)-3-(4-nitrostyryl)-2H-chromen-2-one (3c) is found to give the highest NLO response. An increasing electrophilicity originating from the decreased HOMO-LUMO band gap leads to an increase in α0 and β0 in all the cases.

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