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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jcsc/128/09/1345-1354

    • Keywords

       

      Solution exfoliated graphite; covalent functionalization; acid-terminated graphene; fridel-craft acylation; water dispersed graphite nanosheets; drug loading and release.

    • Abstract

       

      Graphite nanosheets are considered as a promising material for a range of applications from flexible electronics to functional nanodevices such as biosensors, intelligent coatings and drug delivery. Chemical functionalizationof graphite nanosheets with organic/inorganic materials offers an alternative approach to control the electronic properties of graphene, which is a zero band gap semiconductor in pristine form. In this paper, we report the aromatic electrophilic substitution of solution exfoliated graphite nanosheets (SEGn). The highly conjugated π-electronic system of graphite nanosheets enable it to have an amphiphilic characteristic in aromatic substitution reactions. The substitution was achieved through Friedel–Crafts (FC) acylation reaction under mild conditions using succinic anhydride as acylating agent and anhydrous aluminum chloride as Lewisacid. Such reaction renders towards the carboxylic acid terminated graphite nanosheets (SEGn–FC) that usually requires harsh reaction conditions. The product thus obtained was characterized using various spectroscopicand microscopic techniques. Highly stable water-dispersed sodium salt of carboxylic acid terminated graphite nanosheets (SEGn–FC-Na) was also prepared. A comparative sheet-resistance measurements of SEGn, SEGn–FC and SEGn–FC-Na were also done. Finally, the anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX) was loaded on water dispersible SEGn–FC-Na with a loading capacity of 0.266 mg mg−1 of SEGn–FC-Na and the release of DOX from this water-soluble DOX-loaded SEGn–FC-Na at two different temperatures was found to be strongly pHdependent.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      KOUSHIK BHOWMIK1 AMRITA CHAKRAVARTY1 U MANJU2 GOUTAM DE1 2 ARNAB MUKHERJEE1

      1. Nano-Structured Materials Division, CSIR–Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, 196, Raja S C Mullick Road, Kolkata 700 032, India
      2. Advanced Materials Characterization Unit, CSIR-Central Glass and Ceramic Research Institute, 196, Raja S C Mullick Road, Kolkata 700 032, India
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