A series of four new Schiff base transition metal complexes [Co(II), Ni(II), Cu(II) and Zn(II)] derived from N-(salicylidene)-L-alanine and N,N,N',N'-tetramethylethylene-1,2-diamine (tmen) were designed, synthesized and tested for larvicidal activity against Culex quinquefasciatus, the southern house mosquito, which is the primary vector of St. Louis encephalitis virus and West Nile virus. All the complexes were characterized by physicochemical and spectral studies such as UV-Visible, FTIR, and EPR. The X-ray crystallographic analysis of Ni(II) complex revealed that, Ni(II) cation is surrounded by nitrogen and oxygen atoms from the Schiff base ligand, the oxygen atom of a water molecule, and two nitrogen atoms from tmen. Intermolecularhydrogen bonding stabilizes the Ni(II) complex. Results indicated that all the complexes exhibited higher mosquito larvicidal activity against C. quinquefasciatus.
Volume 134, 2022
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