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    • Keywords


      Arylpiperazine; crystal engineering; hyperpolarizability; phthalimide; SHG response.

    • Abstract


      A new class of chiral phthalimides functionalized with aryl piperazines was designed anticipating their strong candidature for crystal engineering and technological applications. Five new phthalimides were synthesized, characterized and subjected to single crystal X-ray diffraction study that directed their noncentrosymmetric structures. Four phthalimides crystallized in 𝑃21 space group with monoclinic crystal system, however, one was found to possess 𝑃212121 space group with orthorhombic system. The supramolecular architectures of phthalimide crystals were analysed by an approach based on consideration of energy of intermolecular interaction. The molecular hyperpolarizability (𝛽) calculation for all the listed phthalimides indicated their promising candidature for NLO materials. Further, the crystalline form of all phthalimides was evaluated for their second harmonic generation (SHG) response. A significant response of 16.4mV was measured for phthalimide possessing t-butyl substituent at the para position of 4-benzylpiperazine. This high SHG response may be attributed to the molecular chirality and helical supramolecular frameworks stabilized by C-H· · ·O hydrogen bonds in the solid state. The current study attests chiral phthalimides possessing arylpiperazines as effective nominees to the area of crystal engineering and nonlinear optics.

    • Author Affiliations


      Anil K Singh1 Brijesh Rathi2 Volodymyr V Medviediev3 Oleg V Shishkin3 Vijay Bahadur1 Taruna Singh2 Brajendra K Singh1 N Vijayan4 V Balachandran5 Nikolay Yu Gorobets3

      1. Bio-organic Research Laboratory, Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi, Delhi 110 007, India
      2. Department of Chemistry, Hansraj College, University of Delhi, Delhi 110 007 India
      3. State Scientific Institution “Institute for Single Crystals”, National Academy of Science of Ukraine, 60 Leninaave, Kharkiv 61001, Ukraine
      4. CSIR-National Physical Laboratory, Dr. K S Krishnan Road, New Delhi 110 012, India
      5. PG& Research Department of Physics, Arignar Anna Government Arts College, Musiri 621 211, India
    • Dates

    • Supplementary Material

  • Journal of Chemical Sciences | News

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