• Linear sweep anodic stripping voltammetry: Determination of Chromium (VI) using synthesized gold nanoparticles modified screen-printed electrode

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    • Keywords


      Gold nanoparticles; screen-printed electrode; Cr (VI); anodic stripping voltammetry; water analysis.

    • Abstract


      A highly sensitive electrochemical sensor has been constructed for determination of Cr(VI) with the lowest limit of detection (LOD) reported to date using gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) modified screen-printed electrode (SPE). The modification of SPE by casting pure AuNPs increases the sensitivity for detection of Cr(VI) ion using anodic stripping voltammetry. Cr(VI) ions are reduced to chromium metal on SPE-AuNPs by applying deposition potential of –1.1 V for 180 s. Afterwards, the oxidation peak current of chromium is obtained by linear sweep voltammetry in the range of −1.0 V to 0.2 V. Under the optimized conditions (HClO4, 0.06 mol L$^{−1}$; deposition potential, –1.1 V; deposition time, 180s; scan rate, 0.1 V s$^{−1}$), the limit of detection (LOD) was 1.6 pg mL$^{−1}$. The fabricated electrode was successfully used for detection of Cr(VI) in tap and seawater.

    • Author Affiliations


      Salamatu Aliyu Tukur1 2 Nor Azah Yusof1 3 Reza Hajian3

      1. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Universiti Putra Malaysia, 43400 UPM, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
      2. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, Kaduna State University, Kaduna, Nigeria
      3. Institute of Advanced Technology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor 43400, Malaysia
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