• Thermodynamic modeling of naringenin protonation equilibria in NaClO4 aqueous solutions by specific ion interaction theory and Pitzer equations

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    • Keywords


      Protonation constant; Naringenin; Ionic strength dependence; SIT model; Pitzer parameters.

    • Abstract


      The protonation equilibria for the flavonoid naringenin were studied at 25$^{\circ}$C using combined multiwavelength spectroscopic and pH-potentiometric methods as a function of the ionic strength. Over a wide range of ionic strengths, 0.10–3.00 mol dm$^{−3}$, the investigation was performed in different aqueous solutions of NaClO4 as the background electrolyte. The dependence on ionic strength of protonation constants was modeled by the Brönsted–Guggenheim–Scatchard Specific Ion Interaction Theory (SIT) and Pitzer approaches. Apart from the values of SIT interaction coefficients and Pitzer parameters, the protonation constants at infinite dilution (zero ionic strength) were obtained. On the basis of these results, it was found that Pitzer mode l gives more satisfactory results rather than the SIT method.

    • Author Affiliations


      Morteza Jabbari1 Rahele Zhiani2 Ali Farajtabar3

      1. School of Chemistry, Damghan University, 36716-41167 Damghan, Iran
      2. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, Neyshabur branch, Islamic Azad University, Neyshabur, Iran
      3. Department of Chemistry, Jouybar Branch, Islamic Azad University, Jouybar, Iran
    • Dates

  • Journal of Chemical Sciences | News

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