• Synthesis, optical and thermal behaviour of palladium(II) complexes with 4-(4-alkoxy-2-hydroxybenzylideneamino)azobenzene

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    • Keywords


      Pd(II) complexes; smectic A; nematic; 1H-NMR; Cu(II) complexes.

    • Abstract


      A series of new Pd(II) complexes derived from the reaction of palladium acetate with 4-(4-alkoxy-2-hydroxybenzylideneamino)azobenzene having the flexible terminal chain of OC$_n$H$_{2n+1}$, in which n are even numbers ranging from 8 to 16, has been successfully synthesized. The physical measurement and spectroscopic techniques (FTIR and 1H-NMR) reveal that the Pd(II) complexes possess the Pd-N and Pd-O coordination modes in which the central Pd(II) adopts square-planar geometry. The observation under the polarized light shows that all the ligands and Pd(II) complexes exhibit enantiotropic mesophases. The ligands with 𝑛-octyloxy and 𝑛-decyloxy flexible chains exhibit the nematic (N) and smectic A (SmA) phases whilst the Pd(II) complexes show exclusive SmA phase. The SmA phase observed in Pd(II) complexes can be supported by the presence of focal conic fan-shaped texture with the presence of curved lines which are prominent during the cooling process. On the other hand, the comparison studies show that Pd(II) complexes possess exceptional higher phase transition temperatures as compared to the corresponding Cu(II) and Ni(II) complexes.

    • Author Affiliations


      Boon-Teck Heng1 Guan-Yeow Yeap1 Daisuke Takeuchi2

      1. Liquid Crystal Research Laboratory, School of Chemical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 Minden, Penang, Malaysia
      2. Chemical Resources Laboratory (Mailbox R1-03), Tokyo Institute of Technology, 4259 Nagatsuta, Midori-ku, Yokohama, 226-8503, Japan
    • Dates

  • Journal of Chemical Sciences | News

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