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    • Keywords


      Sym𝑁,𝑁',𝑁"-triarylguanidines; organocatalysts; 𝑁-donor ligands; conformations; noncovalent interactions; AM1 calculations.

    • Abstract


      A one pot reaction involving sym 𝑁,𝑁'-diarylthiourea and the respective arylamine in the presence of aq. KOH in nitrobenzene at $≥ 105^\circ$C afforded sym 𝑁,𝑁',𝑁"-triarylguanidine in fair to good yield and the products have been characterized. Sym 𝑁,𝑁',𝑁"-tri(4-tolyl)guanidine possesses (7) anti-anti conformation, sym 𝑁,𝑁',𝑁"-tri(2-tolyl)guanidine (8) and sym 𝑁,𝑁',𝑁"-tris(2,4-xylyl)guanidine (11) each possess anti-anti $\alpha \beta \alpha$ conformation whereas sym 𝑁,𝑁',𝑁"-tris(2-anisyl)guanidine possesses (9) syn-anti $\alpha \beta \beta$ conformation as determined by single crystal X-ray diffraction data. The observed conformations appear to result from a subtle balance between steric factor associated with the aryl substituent and multiple electronic factors namely 𝑛-𝜋 conjugation/negative hyperconjugation and non-covalent interactions in the crystal lattice.

    • Author Affiliations


      Kanniyappan Gopi1 Brijesh Rathi1 Natesan Thirupathi1

      1. Department of Chemistry, University of Delhi, Delhi 110 007
    • Dates

  • Journal of Chemical Sciences | News

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