• Electrochemical reduction of hydrogen peroxide on stainless steel

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    • Keywords

       

      Electrochemical reduction of H2O2; stainless steel electrode; cyclic voltammetry; amperometry; rotating disc electrode.

    • Abstract

       

      Electrochemical reduction of hydrogen peroxide is studied on a sand-blasted stainless steel (SSS) electrode in an aqueous solution of NaClO4. The cyclic voltammetric reduction of H2O2 at low concentrations is characterized by a cathodic peak at $-0.40$ V versus standard calomel electrode (SCE). Cyclic voltammetry is studied by varying the concentration of H2O2 in the range from 0.2 mM to 20 mM and the sweep rate in the range from 2 to 100 mV s-1. Voltammograms at concentrations of H2O2 higher than 2 mM or at high sweep rates consist of an additional current peak, which may be due to the reduction of adsorbed species formed during the reduction of H2O2. Amperometric determination of H2O2 at $-0.50$ V vs SCE provides the detection limit of 5 𝜇M H2O2. A plot of current density versus concentration has two segments suggesting a change in the mechanism of H2O2 reduction at concentrations of H2O2 ≥ 2 mM. From the rotating disc electrode study, diffusion co-efficient of H2O2 and rate constant for reduction of H2O2 are evaluated.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      S Patra1 N Munichandraiah1

      1. Department of Inorganic and Physical Chemistry, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Chemical Sciences | News

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