H-gallosilicate (H-GaMFI), H-galloaluminosilicate (H-GaAlMFI) and Ga, impregnated H-ZSM-5 (Ga/H-ZSM-5) zeolites pretreated with O2 and H2 (at 600°C for 10 h) have been characterized for their acidity/acid strength distribution (by chemisorption and stepwise thermal desorption of pyridine from 100°–400°C) and also for their acid functions by acid catalysed reactions [viz. isooctane cracking (at 400°C) (for characterizing external acid sites) and toluene disproportionation (at 500°C) and methanol-to-aromatics conversion (400°C)] using a pulse microreactor. The catalysts were also characterized by XPS,29Si,27Al and71Ga MAS NMR. The acidity/acid strength distribution, activity in the acid catalyzed reactions, frame-work Si/Ga ratio and surface Ga/Si ratio of the zeolites are significantly affected by their pretreatment by O2 or H2.
Volume 134, 2022
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