The present report summarises our results on the photophysical and photochemical investigations of a series of squaraine dyes which exhibit intense and sharp absorption bands in the visible and near infrared regions. The intramolecular charge-transfer transitions arising from the “donor-acceptor-donor” arrangements of these dyes have an interesting effect on their excited state properties. The major nonradiative decay process of squaraines is by rotation about the C-C bonds between the central cyclobutane unit and its neighbouring phenyl groups. Microencaging of one of the dyes by Β-cyclodextrin or poly(4-vinylpyridine) was found to restrict this motion, bringing about up to 90-fold enhancement in its fluorescence yield. These aspects as well as the dynamics of charge transfer from the excited singlet state of some of the squaraine dyes to TiO2 and the recombination of the injected charge with the dye radical cation are discussed.
Volume 135, 2023
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