• Basicity of some proto-typical carbonyls in the ground and some low lying excited states: Application of the orthogonal gradient method of orbital optimization in an INDO-MC-SCF framework-I

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    • Keywords


      Excited state basicities; theoretical proton affinities; orthogonal gradient method; Fermi correlation; * states of carbonyl

    • Abstract


      Gas phase proton affinities of formaldehyde and fluoroformaldehyde in the ground,1,3* (lowest) and3ππ* (lowest) states have been theoretically studied within the framework of the INDO-MC-SCF orthogonal gradient method developed earlier. Complete geometry optimization has been carried out for both the protonated and unprotonated bases in the ground and relevant excited states. Computed proton affinities (PA) of H2CO in different electronic states are in the following order:$$PA({}^1S_0 ) > PA({}^3\pi \pi ^ * ) \sim PA({}^1n\pi ^ * ) > PA({}^3n\pi ^ * )$$ In F2CO, however, the ordering turns out to be different viz PA(1S0)>PA(1*)>PA(3*)>PA(3ππ*) for protonation at the carbonyl oxygen. For protonation at the F atom the ordering is PA(1S0)>PA(3*)>PA(1*)>PA(3ππ*). Protonation at the oxygen atom is predicted to be energetically more favourable than protonation at one of the F atoms by approximately 30 kcal/mole in all the states studied. The role of Fermi correlation in shaping the difference in proton affinities of the singlet and triplet* states of H2CO is discussed.

    • Author Affiliations


      Chitrani Medhi1 S P Bhattacharyya1

      1. Department of Physical Chemistry, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Jadavpur, Calcutta - 700 032, India
    • Dates

  • Journal of Chemical Sciences | News

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