2-Amino-2-arylethylamides1 carrying electron-donating substituents in thepara position are transformed by hot POC13 to the the title compounds2, presumably via iminochlorides 7 and imidazolium derivatives8. Amides lacking this para-substituent give rise to chloroamidines11 under these conditions.m-Methoxyphenethylamide1t and POCl3 form, besides11f, an isoquinoline derivative3. The involvement of an imidazolium compound8 in the formation of ethenamidines has been verified by the synthesis of2a from10. Reaction of amide1w with PCl5 in the cold leads to, besides the chloroamidine11c, thecis-ethenamidine12 which equilibrates with thetrans-isomer2o in hot toluene. Thienylethyl urea13 converted by hot POCl3 to the imidazoline16, while phenylpropylamide17 forms only the iminochloride18a.
Volume 134, 2022
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