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    • Keywords


      Goethite; hematite; degree of crystallinity; thermal transformation

    • Abstract


      The thermal transformation of goethite to hematite and the temperature dependence of the degree of crystallinity have been investigated using transmission and diffraction electron microscopy and infrared spectroscopy.

      The electron microscopy results reveal that the treatment of natural goethite by NaOH or citrate dithionite-bicarbonate (CDB) has no effect on its structure but leads to increase in the crystallinity of the ore. On the other hand, heat treatment of the untreated or treated sample is found to convert goethite ore to hematite with increase in its crystallinity. An infrared spectroscopic technique is applied for quantitative calculation of the crystallinity changes.

    • Author Affiliations


      A Sawaby1 M A Moharram1 A A Shabaka1 N El Saker1

      1. Physics Department, National Research Centre, Dokki, Cairo, Egypt
    • Dates

  • Journal of Chemical Sciences | News

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