The effect of surfactants on the absorption and emission properties of thionine (TH+) have been studied in detail. Among the various surfactants investigated sodium lauryl sulphate (SLS) has marked effect on these properties. Changes in the absorption spectrum and the decrease in fluorescence intensity at [SLS] below the critical micelle concentration (CMC) are attributed to the formation of a dye-surfactant complex. At [SLS] above CMC, the restoration of dye spectrum with increased extinction coefficient at the λmax and a small but definite red shift of the λmax are interpreted as due to the incorporation of the dye into the SLS micelle. The absorbance and spectral shift data suggest the thionine cation to be localized near the micelle Stern layer in the case of SLS micelles but completely outside the micelle in the aqueous environment in the case of CTABr. From the absorbance and fluorescence data, the association constant for the formation of the TH+-SLS complex in the premicellar region, and the binding constant for the incorporation of the dye into the micelle in the micellar region have been computed. The values of both these constants were found to increase markedly in the presence of electrolytes.
Volume 134, 2022
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