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    • Keywords

       

      2-Hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde; conservation; endangered; Utleria salicifolia; vanillin; Western Ghats

    • Abstract

       

      Decalepis salicifolia (Bedd. ex Hook. f.) Venter is a potential medicinal and highly aromatic plant speciesconfined to the southernmost part of the Western Ghats of India. The plant is well known for its traditional usesamong the various tribal communities of south India. The tubers of the plant possess characteristic vanillin-likearoma due to the presence of the compound 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde. The tubers are used tosubstitute Hemidesmus indicus in various herbal formulations. The plants in the wild are continuously uprootedfor their roots, leading to the irreversible destruction of the whole plant. The resulting tremendous loss ofpopulations in the wild led to the species being declared as critically endangered by IUCN. Our group isworking on the various aspects of this species including population status, distribution mapping, prospection,and conservation management. In the present review, we have brought out the available information till date onD. salicifolia, including taxonomy, ethno-medicinal uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, population status,and conservation efforts along with research gap and lacunae to provide direction for further research into thisless explored medicinal and aromatic plant.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      VEREENA RODRIGUES1 2 AMIT KUMAR1 3 SIVARAMAN GOKUL1 ASHUTOSH K SHUKLA4 2 KALIAMOORTHY RAVIKUMAR5 VELUSAMY SUNDARESAN1 2

      1. Plant Biology and Systematics, CSIR–Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Research Center, Bengaluru 560 065, India
      2. Academy of Scientific and Innovative Research (AcSIR), Ghaziabad 201 002, India
      3. Present Address: Phytopharmaceuticals Division, Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission, Ghaziabad 201 002, India
      4. Biotechnology Division, CSIR–Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants, Lucknow 226 015, India
      5. Centre for Conservation and Natural Resources, The University of Trans-Disciplinary Health Sciences and Technology, Bengaluru 560 064, India
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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