Decalepis salicifolia (Bedd. ex Hook. f.) Venter: A steno-endemic and critically endangered medicinal and aromatic plant from Western Ghats, India
Decalepis salicifolia (Bedd. ex Hook. f.) Venter is a potential medicinal and highly aromatic plant speciesconfined to the southernmost part of the Western Ghats of India. The plant is well known for its traditional usesamong the various tribal communities of south India. The tubers of the plant possess characteristic vanillin-likearoma due to the presence of the compound 2-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzaldehyde. The tubers are used tosubstitute Hemidesmus indicus in various herbal formulations. The plants in the wild are continuously uprootedfor their roots, leading to the irreversible destruction of the whole plant. The resulting tremendous loss ofpopulations in the wild led to the species being declared as critically endangered by IUCN. Our group isworking on the various aspects of this species including population status, distribution mapping, prospection,and conservation management. In the present review, we have brought out the available information till date onD. salicifolia, including taxonomy, ethno-medicinal uses, phytochemistry, pharmacology, population status,and conservation efforts along with research gap and lacunae to provide direction for further research into thisless explored medicinal and aromatic plant.
Volume 46, 2021
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