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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jbsc/045/0112

    • Keywords

       

      Bacterial blight; etiology; pathogenicity genes; pyramiding; R genes; rice; Xa genes

    • Abstract

       

      Bacterial blight caused by Xanthomonas oryzae pv. oryzae (Xoo), is one of the devastating diseases of riceworldwide. The pathogen reported to cause 70% crop loss in some of the susceptible genotypes under diseasefavoring environments, viz., temperature ranging between 25 to 34 deg C and relative humidity more than 70%. InXoo, about 245 genes govern the pathogenicity and host specificity. The hypersensitive response andpathogenicity (hrp) genes responsible for disease occurrence were clustered in the pathogenicity island of 31.3Kb. The protein secreted through type three secretory system and type one secretory system mediates infectionand establishment of the pathogen inside the host. However, elicitor molecules from Xoo triggered the resistantresponse in rice against the pathogen. An array of resistant genes (R genes) was known to be invoked by thehost to combat the bacterial infection. To date, of the 45 Xa genes in rice, nine were cloned and characterized.The evolution of new races has made the task of developing resistant rice genotypes more challenging as itdemands a comprehensive breeding strategy involving the best use of R genes from the existing gene pool.Thus, to combat the infection from the existing races and to slow down the emergence of new Xoo races,pyramiding two or more R genes was found to be effective against bacterial blight disease. In India, thesuccessfully commercialized example includes the development of rice genotypes, viz., Improved Pusa Basmati-1, Improved Samba Mahsuri, PR106, Type 3 Basmati, and Mahsuri with selected R genes, viz., xa5, Xa4,xa13 and Xa21 against bacterial blight resistance. This review primarily portray Xoo-rice interactions andprovides opportunities for its effective management through sustainable technologies.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      JOHNSON BESLIN JOSHI1 LOGANATHAN ARUL1 JEGADEESAN RAMALINGAM2 SIVAKUMAR UTHANDI3

      1. Department of Plant Biotechnology, Centre for Plant Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore 641 003, India
      2. Department of Biotechnology, Agricultural College and Research Institute, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Madurai 625 104, India
      3. Biocatalysts Laboratory, Department of Agricultural Microbiology, Tamil Nadu Agricultural University, Coimbatore 641 003, India
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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