• Current global vaccine and drug efforts against COVID-19: Pros and cons of bypassing animal trials

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    • Keywords


      COVID-19; SARS-CoV-2; drugs; vaccines; animal models

    • Abstract


      COVID-19 has become one of the biggest health concern, along with huge economic burden. With no clearremedies to treat the disease, doctors are repurposing drugs like chloroquine and remdesivir to treat COVID-19patients. In parallel, research institutes in collaboration with biotech companies have identified strategies to useviral proteins as vaccine candidates for COVID-19. Although this looks promising, they still need to pass thetest of challenge studies in animal models. As various models for SARS-CoV-2 are under testing phase,biotech companies have bypassed animal studies and moved to Phase I clinical trials. In view of the presentoutbreak, this looks a justified approach, but the problem is that in the absence of animal studies, we can neverpredict the outcomes in humans. Since animal models are critical for vaccine development and SARS-CoV-2has different transmission dynamics, in this review we compare different animal models of SARS-CoV-2 withhumans for their pathogenic, immune response and transmission dynamics that make them ideal models forvaccine testing for COVID-19. Another issue of using animal model is the ethics of using animals for research;thus, we also discuss the pros and cons of using animals for vaccine development studies.

    • Author Affiliations



      1. Indian Institute of Science Education and Research (IISER) Tirupati, Tirupati 517 507, India
    • Dates

  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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      Posted on July 25, 2019

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