Mutations in SARS-CoV-2 viral RNA identified in Eastern India: Possible implications for the ongoing outbreak in India and impact on viral structure and host susceptibility
ARINDAM MAITRA MAMTA CHAWLA SARKAR HARSHA RAHEJA NIDHAN K BISWAS SOHINI CHAKRABORTI ANIMESH KUMAR SINGH SHEKHAR GHOSH SUMANTA SARKAR SUBRATA PATRA RAJIV KUMAR MONDAL TRINATH GHOSH ANANYA CHATTERJEE HASINA BANU AGNIVA MAJUMDAR SREEDHAR CHINNASWAMY NARAYANASWAMY SRINIVASAN SHANTA DUTTA SAUMITRA DAS
Direct massively parallel sequencing of SARS-CoV-2 genome was undertaken from nasopharyngeal andoropharyngeal swab samples of infected individuals in Eastern India. Seven of the isolates belonged to the A2aclade, while one belonged to the B4 clade. Specific mutations, characteristic of the A2a clade, were alsodetected, which included the P323L in RNA-dependent RNA polymerase and D614G in the Spike glycoprotein.Further, our data revealed emergence of novel subclones harbouring nonsynonymous mutations, viz.G1124V in Spike (S) protein, R203K, and G204R in the nucleocapsid (N) protein. The N protein mutationsreside in the SR-rich region involved in viral capsid formation and the S protein mutation is in the S2 domain,which is involved in triggering viral fusion with the host cell membrane. Interesting correlation was observedbetween these mutations and travel or contact history of COVID-19 positive cases. Consequent alterations ofmiRNA binding and structure were also predicted for these mutations. More importantly, the possibleimplications of mutation D614G (in SD domain) and G1124V (in S2 subunit) on the structural stability of Sprotein have also been discussed. Results report for the first time a bird’s eye view on the accumulation ofmutations in SARS-CoV-2 genome in Eastern India.
ARINDAM MAITRA1 MAMTA CHAWLA SARKAR2 HARSHA RAHEJA3 NIDHAN K BISWAS1 SOHINI CHAKRABORTI4 ANIMESH KUMAR SINGH1 SHEKHAR GHOSH1 SUMANTA SARKAR1 SUBRATA PATRA1 RAJIV KUMAR MONDAL1 TRINATH GHOSH1 ANANYA CHATTERJEE2 HASINA BANU2 AGNIVA MAJUMDAR2 SREEDHAR CHINNASWAMY1 NARAYANASWAMY SRINIVASAN4 SHANTA DUTTA2 SAUMITRA DAS1 3
Volume 47, 2022
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