Catalytic and structural effects of flexible loop deletion in organophosphorus hydrolase enzyme: A thermostability improvement mechanism
Thermostability improvement of enzymes used industrially or commercially would develop their capacity andcommercial potential due to increased enzymatic competence and cost-effectiveness. Several stabilizing factorshave been suggested to be the base of thermal stability, like proline replacements, disulfide bonds, surface looptruncation and ionic pair networks creation. This research evaluated the mechanism of increasing the rigidity oforganophosphorus hydrolase enzyme by flexible loop truncation. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that themutated protein retains its stability after loop truncation (five amino acids deleted). The thermostability of thewild-type (OPH-wt) and mutated (OPH-D5) enzymes were investigated by half-life, DGi, and fluorescence andfar-UV CD analysis. Results demonstrated an increase half-life and DGi in OPH-D5 compared to OPH-wt.These results were confirmed by extrinsic fluorescence and circular dichroism (CD) spectrometry experiments,therefore, as rigidity increased in OPHD5 after loop truncation, half-life and DGi also increased. Based onthese findings, a strong case is presented for thermostability improvement of OPH enzyme by flexible looptruncation after bioinformatics analysis.
Volume 45, 2020
Continuous Article Publishing mode
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