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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jbsc/045/0052

    • Keywords

       

      Atherosclerosis; ox-LDL; HUVECs; XIST; miR-204-5p; TLR4

    • Abstract

       

      Oxidative low-density lipoprotein (ox-LDL)-induced endothelial cell injury is a key contributor toatherosclerosis development. However, the role and mechanism of long noncoding RNA X-inactive specifictranscript (XIST) in atherosclerosis remain largely unknown. The ox-LDL-induced human umbilical veinendothelial cells (HUVECs) injury was analyzed by cell viability, apoptosis, inflammatory cytokines secretionand oxidative stress. The expression levels of XIST, microRNA-204-5p (miR-204-5p) and toll-like receptor 4(TLR4) were detected by quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction and western blot, respectively. Thetarget interaction between miR-204-5p and XIST or TLR4 was explored by bioinformatics analysis, luciferaseassay and RNA immunoprecipitation. The expression of XIST was enhanced in ox-LDL-treatedHUVECs. Knockdown of XIST attenuated ox-LDL-induced viability inhibition, apoptosis production,inflammatory response and oxidative stress in HUVECs. XIST was validated as a sponge of miR-204-5pand TLR4 acted as a target of miR-204-5p. Knockdown of miR-204-5p reversed silence of XISTmediatedsuppressive role in ox-LDL-induced injury. TLR4 alleviated miR-204-5p-mediated inhibitiveeffect on ox-LDL-induced injury. Moreover, XIST could regulate TLR4 expression by spongingmiR-204-5p. In conclusion, silence of XIST displayed a protective role in ox-LDL-induced injury inHUVECs by regulating miR-204-5p/TLR4 axis, providing a novel mechanism for understanding thepathogenesis of atherosclerosis.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      GUOYONG LU1 2 PENG TIAN1 2 YONGXIN ZHU1 2 XIAOHUA ZUO1 2 XIAOQIANG LI3

      1. Department of Vascular Surgery, The Huaian Hospital Affiliated to Xuzhou Medical University, Huai’an, Jiangsu, China
      2. Department of Vascular Surgery, The Second People’s Hospital of Huai’an, Huai’an, Jiangsu, China
      3. Department of Vascular Surgery, Nanjing Drum Tower Hospital Affiliated to Nanjing University Medical School, Nanjing, Jiangsu, China
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