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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jbsc/044/05/0124

    • Keywords

       

      Amylase; cellulose; hot spring; thermozymes; xylanase

    • Abstract

       

      A total of 41 isolates were obtained from various samples (soil, mud, and water) of Surajkund hot spring, Jharkhand, atthree different isolation temperatures of 50 deg C, 60 deg C, and 70 deg C. However, our interest was in the thermophilic strains thatwere isolated at 60 deg C and 70 deg C. Four isolates at 70 deg C (BITSNS038, BITSNS039, BITSNS040, BITSNS041) are theproducers of thermozymes, namely amylase, xylanase, and cellulase, respectively. The highlights of the present study alsoshowed that three out of four isolates demonstrated all three enzymatic activities, i.e. amylolytic, xylanolytic and cellulolyticon agar plate assay conditions at 70 deg C. One of the isolates, BITSNS038, was further chosen for phenotypiccharacterization as well as 16S rRNA gene sequencing and was affiliated to Geobacillus icigianus. The presence ofGeobacillus icigianus was reported first time from hot spring, Surajkund, which showed amylolytic index of 1.58,xylanolytic index of 1.5 and cellulolytic index of 2.3 based on plate assay, and amylase activity of 0.81 U/mL, xylanaseactivity of 0.72 U/mL and very less cellulase activity of 0.15 U/mL after 24 h of growth in submerged conditions. Oneisolate at 60 deg C BITSNS024 was found to exhibit maximum amylase activity with an enzymatic index value of 3.5 and wasidentified as Anoxybacillus gonensis.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      SNEHI SOY1 VINOD KUMAR NIGAM1 SHUBHA RANI SHARMA1

      1. Department of Bio-Engineering, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra, Ranchi, India
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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