Due to its unique geographical position, juxtaposed in the middle of south-central Asia, east Asia and Southeast Asia, theSouth Asian Region (SAS) has repeatedly come into contact with people from adjacent regions throughout history andprehistory. The antiquity of the populations and the intricate history of admixture have shaped SAS as one of the mostgenetically diverse regions in the world. In this article we review our current understanding of the peopling and populationsstructure of SAS. We do not attempt to be exhaustive but summarize the salient conclusions that have been reached usinggenetic data and evaluate their robustness. We also identify the unanswered questions and suggest possible approaches thatmay lead to their answers.
Volume 48, 2023
Continuous Article Publishing mode
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