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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jbsc/042/03/0363-0371

    • Keywords

       

      Alzheimer’s disease; ${}^{13}$C nuclear magnetic; GABA; glutamate; neurotransmitter cycle; resonance spectroscopy

    • Abstract

       

      Alzheimer’s disease (AD) is the most common neurodegenerative disorder characterized by progressive loss of memoryand cognitive function. The cerebral metabolic rate of glucose oxidation has been shown to be reduced in AD. The presentstudy evaluated efficacy of dietary Amalaki Rasayana (AR), an Ayurvedic formulation used in Indian traditional system, inAβPP-PS1 mouse model of AD in ameliorating memory and neurometabolism, and compared with donepezil, a standardFDA approved drug for AD. The memory of mice was measured using Morris Water Maze analysis. The cerebralmetabolism was followed by 13C labelling of brain amino acids in tissue extracts ex vivo using ${}^{1}$H-[${}^{13}$C]-NMR spectroscopytogether with a short time infusion of [1,6-${}^{13}$C2]glucose to mice. The intervention with Amalaki Rasayana showedimproved learning and memory in AbPP-PS1 mice. The ${}^{13}$C labelings of GluC4, GABAC2 and GlnC4 were reduced inAbPP-PS1 mice when compared with wild-type controls. Intervention of AR increased the ${}^{13}$C labelling of amino acidssuggesting a significant enhancement in glutamatergic and GABAergic metabolic activity in AβPP-PS1 mice similar to thatobserved with donepezil treatment. These data suggest that AR has potential to improve memory and cognitive function inAD.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      VIVEK TIWARI1 KAMAL SABA1 PANDICHELVAM VEERAIAH1 JEDY JOSE1 SUBHASH C LAKHOTIA2 ANANT B PATEL1

      1. CSIR–Centre for Cellular and Molecular Biology, Uppal Road, Hyderabad 500 007, India
      2. Cytogenetics Laboratory, Department of Zoology, CAS, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi 221 005, India
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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