• Occurrence, detection and detoxification of mycotoxins

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    • Keywords


      Aflatoxin; contamination; degradation; toxic effect

    • Abstract


      Mycotoxins have been identified as important toxins affecting animal species and humans ever since the discovery of aHatoxin Bl in 1960. Mycotoxigenic fungi are ubiquitous in nature and are held responsible for economic loss as they decrease crop yield and quality of food. The presence of fungi and their mycotoxins are reported not only in food grains but also in medicinal herbs and processed foods. Since prevention is not always possible, detoxification of mycotoxins have been attempted using several means; however, only few have been accepted for practical use, e.g. ammonia in the com industry. Organizations such as the World Health Organization, US Food and Drug Adminis-tration and European Union have set regulations and safety limits of important mycotoxins, viz. aHatoxins, fusarium toxins, ochratoxin, patulin zearalenone, etc., to ensure the safety of the consumers. This review article is a brief and up-to-date account of the occurrence, detection and detoxification of mycotoxins for those interested in and considering research in this area.

    • Author Affiliations


      Visenuo Aiko1 Alka Mehta1

      1. School of Biosciences and Technology, V[T Universit.v, Vellore 632 014, India
    • Dates

  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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      Posted on July 25, 2019

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