• Oxidation as an important factor of protein damage: Implications for Maillard reaction

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    • Keywords


      Advanced glycation end products; diseases; oxidative stress; protein carbonylation; proteins

    • Abstract


      Protein oxidation, the process caused especially by reactive oxygen and nitrogen species, is thought to play a major role in various oxidative processes within cells and is implicated in the development of many human diseases. This review provides a brief overview of the protein oxidation with the emphasis on the types of oxidation (oxidation of protein backbone and amino acid residues side chains, site-specific metal-catalysed protein oxidation), oxidation-dependent generation of protein hydroperoxides, carbonyl derivatives and protein–protein cross-linkages. Non-enzymatic glycoxidation (also known as Maillard reaction) as an important factor of protein damage, consequences of oxidative protein impairment and related diseases as well as means of monitoring and assessment of protein modifications are discussed.

    • Author Affiliations


      L Trnková1 J Dršata2 I Boušová2

      1. Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Hradec Králové, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
      2. Department of Biochemical Sciences, Charles University in Prague, Faculty of Pharmacy, Hradec Králové, Czech Republic
    • Dates

  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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