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    • Keywords


      Cameroon; control; eco-biogeography; epidemiology; malaria; Plasmodium

    • Abstract


      Cameroon, a west-central African country with a ∼20 million population, is commonly regarded as ‘Africa in miniature’ due to the extensive biological and cultural diversities of whole Africa being present in a single-country setting. This country is inhabited by ancestral human lineages in unique eco-climatic conditions and diverse topography. Over 90% Cameroonians are at risk of malaria infection, and ∼41% have at least one episode of malaria each year. Historically, the rate of malaria infection in Cameroon has fluctuated over the years; the number of cases was about 2 million in 2010 and 2011. The Cameroonian malaria control programme faces an uphill task due to high prevalence of multidrug-resistant parasites and insecticide-resistant malaria vectors. Above all, continued human migration from the rural to urban areas as well as population exchange with adjoining countries, high rate of ecological instabilities caused by deforestation, poor housing, lack of proper sanitation and drainage system might have resulted in the recent increase in incidences of malaria and other vector-borne diseases in Cameroon. The available data on eco-environmental variability and intricate malaria epidemiology in Cameroon reflect the situation in the whole of Africa, and warrant the need for in-depth study by using modern surveillance tools for meaningful basic understanding of the malaria triangle (host-parasite-vector-environment).

    • Author Affiliations


      Huguette Gaelle Ngassa Mbenda1 Gauri Awasthi1 2 Poonam K Singh3 Inocent Gouado4 Aparup Das1

      1. Evolutionary Genomics and Bioinformatics Laboratory, Division of Genomics and Bioinformatics, National Institute of Malaria Research, New Delhi 110 077, India
      2. Malaria Parasitology Laboratory, Department of Biosciences and Bioengineering, Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay, Powai( Mumbai, India
      3. World Health Organization Regional Office for South-East Asia, New Delhi, India
      4. Nutrition and Health Laboratory, Department of Biochemistry, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon
    • Dates

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