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    • Keywords


      Epicotyl dormancy; Liliaceae; Lilium polyphyllum; non-deep simple epicotyl MPD; seed germination

    • Abstract


      Dormancy-breaking and seed germination studies in genus Lilium reveal that the majority of Lilium spp. studied have an underdeveloped embryo at maturity, which grows inside the seed before the radicle emerges. Additionally, the embryo, radicle or cotyledon has a physiological component of dormancy; thus, Lilium seeds have morphophysiological dormancy (MPD). A previous study suggested that seeds of Lilium polyphyllum have MPD but the study did not investigate the development of the embryo, which is one of the main criteria to determine MPD in seeds. To test this hypothesis, we investigated embryo growth and emergence of radicles and epicotyls in seeds over a range of temperatures. At maturity, seeds had underdeveloped embryos which developed fully at warm temperature within 6 weeks. Immediately after embryo growth, radicles also emerged at warm temperatures. However, epicotyls failed to emerge soon after radicle emergence. Epicotyls emerged from > 90% seeds with an emerged radicle only after they were subjected to 2 weeks of cold moist stratification. The overall temperature requirements for dormancy-breaking and seed germination indicate a non-deep simple epicotyl MPD in L. polyphyllum.

    • Author Affiliations


      Anurag Dhyani1 Shyam S Phartyal2 B P Nautiyal3 M C Nautiyal1

      1. High Altitude Plant Physiology Research Centre, Srinagar, Pauri Garhwal 246 174 Uttarakhand, India
      2. Department of Forestry & Natural Resources, School of Agriculture & Allied Sciences, HNB Garhwal University, Srinagar, Pauri Garhwal 246 174, Uttarakhand, India
      3. Department of Horticulture, Aromatic & Medicinal Plant, Mizoram University, Aizawl 796 004, India
    • Dates

  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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      Posted on July 25, 2019

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