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    • Keywords


      Bovine viral diarrhoea virus; Npro protein; expression; immunogenicity; humoral immune response

    • Abstract


      Bovine viral diarrhoea virus (BVDV) is an economically important pathogen of cattle and sheep belonging to the genus Pestivirus of the family Flaviviridae. Although the BVDV non-structural N-terminal protease (Npro) acts as an interferon antagonist and subverts the host innate immunity, little is known about its immunogenicity. Hence, we expressed a recombinant BVDV Npro–His fusion protein (28 kDa) in E. coli and determined the humoral immune response generated by it in rabbits. The antigenicity of the Npro protein was confirmed by western blot using anti-BVDV hyperimmune cattle, sheep and goat serum, and anti-Npro rabbit serum. When rabbits were immunized with the Npro protein, a humoral immune response was evident by 4 weeks and persisted till 10 weeks post immunization as detected by ELISA and western blot. Despite Npro-specific antibodies remaining undetectable in 80 serum samples from BVDV-infected sheep and goats, BVDV hyperimmune sera along with some of the field cattle, sheep and goat sera with high BVDV neutralizing antibody titres were found positive for Npro antibodies. Our results provide evidence that despite the low immunogenicity of the BVDV Npro protein, a humoral immune response is induced in cattle, sheep and goats only with repeated BVDV exposure.

    • Author Affiliations


      Niranjan Mishra1 Katherukamem Rajukumar1 Shruti Shrikant Pitale1 Anil Prakash2 Ram Kumar Nema1 Sthita Pragnya Behera1 Shiv Chandra Dubey1

      1. High Security Animal Disease Laboratory, Indian Veterinary Research Institute, Anand Nagar, Bhopal 462 021, India
      2. Department of Biotechnology, Barkatullah University, Bhopal 462 026, India
    • Dates

  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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      Posted on July 25, 2019

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