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      Permanent link:
      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jbsc/034/02/0227-0238

    • Keywords

       

      Arachis hypogaea L.; EST sequencing; gene cloning; type II FAS

    • Abstract

       

      The cultivated peanut is a valuable source of dietary oil and ranks fifth among the world oil crops. Plant fatty acid biosynthesis is catalysed by type II fatty acid synthase (FAS) in plastids and mitochondria. By constructing a full-length cDNA library derived from immature peanut seeds and homology-based cloning, candidate genes of acyl carrier protein (ACP), malonyl-CoA:ACP transacylase, 𝛽-ketoacyl-ACP synthase (I, II, III), 𝛽-ketoacyl-ACP reductase, 𝛽-hydroxyacyl-ACP dehydrase and enoyl-ACP reductase were isolated. Sequence alignments revealed that primary structures of type II FAS enzymes were highly conserved in higher plants and the catalytic residues were strictly conserved in Escherichia coli and higher plants. Homologue numbers of each type II FAS gene expressing in developing peanut seeds varied from 1 in KASII, KASIII and HD to 5 in ENR. The number of single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) was quite different in each gene. Peanut type II FAS genes were predicted to target plastids except ACP2 and ACP3. The results suggested that peanut may contain two type II FAS systems in plastids and mitochondria. The type II FAS enzymes in higher plants may have similar functions as those in E. coli.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Meng-Jun Li1 Ai-Qin Li1 Han Xia1 Chuan-Zhi Zhao1 Chang-Sheng Li1 Shu-Bo Wan1 Yu-Ping Bi1 Xing-Jun Wang1

      1. High-Tech Research Center, Shandong Academy of Agricultural Sciences, Key Laboratory for Genetic Improvement of Crop, Animal and Poultry of Shandong Province, Key Laboratory of Crop Genetic Improvement and Biotechnology, Huanghuaihai, Ministry of Agriculture, Ji’nan 250100, China
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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