• Synonymous codon usage in different protein secondary structural classes of human genes: Implication for increased non-randomness of GC3 rich genes towards protein stability

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jbsc/032/05/0947-0963

    • Keywords

       

      Aggregation reaction; codon usage; non-randomness; protein folding; protein secondary structure

    • Abstract

       

      The relationship between the synonymous codon usage and different protein secondary structural classes were investigated using 401 Homo sapiens proteins extracted from Protein Data Bank (PDB). A simple Chi-square test was used to assess the significance of deviation of the observed and expected frequencies of 59 codons at the level of individual synonymous families in the four different protein secondary structural classes. It was observed that synonymous codon families show non-randomness in codon usage in four different secondary structural classes. However, when the genes were classified according to their GC3 levels there was an increase in non-randomness in high GC3 group of genes. The non-randomness in codon usage was further tested among the same protein secondary structures belonging to four different protein folding classes of high GC3 group of genes. The results show that in each of the protein secondary structural unit there exist some synonymous family that shows class specific codonusage pattern. Moreover, there is an increased non-random behaviour of synonymous codons in sheet structure of all secondary structural classes in high GC3 group of genes. Biological implications of these results have been discussed.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Pamela Mukhopadhyay1 Surajit Basak1 Tapash Chandra Ghosh1

      1. Bioinformatics Centre, Bose Institute, P 1/12, CIT Scheme VII M, Kolkata 700 054, India
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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