• Identification and annotation of promoter regions in microbial genome sequences on the basis of DNA stability

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jbsc/032/05/0851-0862

    • Keywords

       

      DNA stability; free energy calculation; promoter; upstream and downstream region

    • Abstract

       

      Analysis of various predicted structural properties of promoter regions in prokaryotic as well as eukaryotic genomes had earlier indicated that they have several common features, such as lower stability, higher curvature and less bendability, when compared with their neighboring regions. Based on the difference in stability between neighboring upstream and downstream regions in the vicinity of experimentally determined transcription start sites, a promoter prediction algorithm has been developed to identify prokaryotic promoter sequences in whole genomes. The average free energy (E) over known promoter sequences and the difference (D) between E and the average free energy over the entire genome (G) are used to search for promoters in the genomic sequences. Using these cutoff values to predict promoter regions across entire Escherichia coli genome, we achieved a reliability of 70% when the predicted promoters were cross verified against the 960 transcription start sites (TSSs) listed in the Ecocyc database. Annotation of the whole E. coli genome for promoter region could be carried out with 49% accuracy. The method is quite general and it can be used to annotate the promoter regions of other prokaryotic genomes.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Vetriselvi Rangannan1 Manju Bansal1

      1. Molecular Biophysics Unit, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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