• Dominance hierarchy and social grooming in female lion- tailed macaques (Macaca silenus) in the Western Ghats, India

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      https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/jbsc/031/03/0369-0377

    • Keywords

       

      Dominance hierarchy; grooming; interval scale; lion-tailed macaque; rank reversal

    • Abstract

       

      This article reports the structure of dominance and its relationship with social grooming in wild lion-tailed macaque females. The strength of dominance hierarchy was 0.79 on a scale of 0 to 1 indicating a moderate linearity in the ranking system. Dominance scores were converted into an ordinal as well as an interval scale. Grooming scores were also converted into interval scales using standard scores. Grooming received and grooming given correlated positively and negatively respectively with dominance ranks indicating that high ranking females received more and gave less grooming. Grooming was also positively related to encounter rates for dyads of females. More grooming among adjacent ranks, and grooming being more reciprocal, occurred only in the case of dominant females. The grooming patterns, therefore, appeared to be more of despotic than egalitarian nature. While ranking macaques into different Grades of social systems ranging from despotic to egalitarian, Thierry (2004) has placed lion-tailed macaques in Grade 3 corresponding to the ‘relaxed’ social system. Our results indicate that the grooming and dominance relationships in this species are more despotic, and hence, the Grade for this species requires to be shifted toward 2 or 1.

    • Author Affiliations

       

      Mridula Singh1 B A Krishna1 Mewa Singh1 2

      1. Maharaja’s College, University of Mysore, Mysore - 570 005, India
      2. Biopsychology Laboratory, University of Mysore, Mysore - 570 006, India
    • Dates

       
  • Journal of Biosciences | News

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